Alexander of Tunis, Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, First Earl (1891–1969), a British general and statesman. Alexander directed the British evacuation from Dunkirk in 1940. In 1942 he was put in command of British forces in Burma, and later he became British commander in chief in the Middle East. As deputy Allied commander in chief in North Africa, 1943, Alexander helped plan the crucial North African campaign and commanded the ground forces in the invasions of Sicily and Italy. In 1944 he was promoted to field marshal and then served as supreme Allied commander in the Mediterranean for the remainder of the war.
Alexander was born in Northern Ireland. After graduation from the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, he served with distinction in France during World War I and later in India. After World War II, he was govern nor general of Canada, 1946–52. Alexander was made an earl in 1952. He served as British minister of defense, 1952–54.