Mountbatten of Burma, Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mount-batten, First Earl (1900–1979), a British naval officer. As chief of Combined Operations, 1942–43, Vice Admiral Mountbatten directed the first Commando raids in World War II. He was supreme allied commander in Southeast Asia, 1943–45, and accepted surrender of Japan's southern armies on September 12, 1945.
He was born at Frogmore House, Windsor, the son of Prince Louis Alexander of Battenberg and Princess Victoria, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. He was known as Prince Louis Francis of Battenberg until 1917, when his father relinquished his German titles and assumed the surname Mountbatten. He was uncle to Prince Philip, husband of Queen Elizabeth II.
In 1913 Mountbatten became a cadet at the Royal Naval College at Osborne and continued his naval studies at Dartmouth. He was a sub-lieutenant at the end of World War I, and was sent by the navy to Cambridge University for two years. In 1939 he commanded HMS Kelly and the Fifth Destroyer Flotilla. In the Battle of Crete, 1941, his flagship was sunk by dive bombers and he was rescued from the sea. He next commanded the carrier HMS Illustrious, but before he was able to put it to sea he was made chief of Combined Operations.
Mountbatten became admiral of the fleet and viscount in 1946 and earl in 1947. He was the last viceroy of India, 1947, and as governor general negotiated formation of the republics of India and Pakistan. He was first sea lord, 1955–59, and served as chief of the United Kingdom Defence Staff from 1959 until retiring in 1965.
Mountbatten was assassinated by the IRA, an Irish terrorist group seeking to unite British-ruled Northern Ireland with the Republic of Ireland.