Gestapo the secret police of Nazi Germany. The word is an abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (secret state police). The Gestapo tried to eliminate all opposition to the Nazi regime by denial of civil liberties and by use of torture, concentration camps, and murder. During World War II the Gestapo followed the German armed forces into occupied countries. One of its tasks was rounding up Jews for extermination. The Gestapo was organized in 1933 by Hermann Goering. Heinrich Himmler became its head in 1934, and it gradually became part of the SS (Schutzstaffel, “protective echelon”), the Nazi party police.
This World War II timeline highlights important dates from April 1940 to December 1940. On May 10, 1940, Hitler had his troops begin the invasion of France in lands the Allies thought impassible by an army. Follow the events of World War II and the German invasion.
This World War II timeline highlights key events from January 1944 through July 1944. On June 6, 1944, the largest seaborne invasion in history was launched, thereby turning the tide of the war. Follow the events of World War II, including the D-Day invasion.