Gestapo the secret police of Nazi Germany. The word is an abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (secret state police). The Gestapo tried to eliminate all opposition to the Nazi regime by denial of civil liberties and by use of torture, concentration camps, and murder. During World War II the Gestapo followed the German armed forces into occupied countries. One of its tasks was rounding up Jews for extermination. The Gestapo was organized in 1933 by Hermann Goering. Heinrich Himmler became its head in 1934, and it gradually became part of the SS (Schutzstaffel, “protective echelon”), the Nazi party police.
This World War II timeline highlights postwar events from October 1945-September 1951. The time period after the war saw a great deal of instability as relations between Russia and the Allies soured. Get information on Europe and Japan after World War II.
This World War II timeline highlights important dates from February to June 1943. During this time, victory in northern Africa set the stage for the Allies to begin bombing of Italy. Follow the events of World War II and the Axis and Allied campaigns.