Guderian, Heinz (1888–1954), a German army officer. An expert on tank strategy, Guderian was given command of all German panzer (armored) units in 1938. He organized the tank divisions that spearheaded the rapid conquests of Poland and France. In 1941 he led panzer divisions in the invasion of Russia, but when the offensive bogged down he was recalled. Guderian was chief of the army general staff from July, 1944, to March, 1945.
Goebbels, Joseph Paul (1897-1945), a German Nazi propagandist. As minister of propaganda in Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, 1933-45, he not only used the press, radio, and other forms of communication to serve the Nazi regime, but also molded German cultural life to that end.