Tojo Hideki, (1884–;1948), a Japanese general and political leader. Tojo was born into an aristocratic family with a long military tradition and made the army his career. In the 1930's he became known for advocating territorial expansion by force of arms. He became chief of the war ministry in 1940 and prime minister in 1941.

Tojo's ministry led Japan into war with the United States. He had almost dictatorial powers until July, 1944, when he was forced to resign as prime minister because of Japanese defeats in the Pacific. After the war ended he was tried by the Allies as a war criminal and was hanged.