10 Most Long-lived Empires in History

Lots More Information


5 Polar Expeditions That Went Disastrously Wrong

5 Polar Expeditions That Went Disastrously Wrong

Hundreds of explorers tried to locate the Northwest Passage. Many of those attempts ended badly. HowStuffWorks looks at five.

Related Articles


  • Abernathy, David. "The Dynamics of Global Dominance: European Overseas Empires, 1415-1980." Yale University Press. 2000.
  • BBC. "Ottoman Empire (1301-1922)." BBC. Sept. 4, 2009. (Feb. 14, 2011)http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/ottomanempire_1.shtml#section_7
  • BBC. "The Story of Africa."http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/specials/1624_story_of_africa/page90.shtml BBX World Service. (Feb. 14, 2011)
  • Clark, John, J.D. Fage, Richard Gray, Ronald Oliver, John E. Flinn. The Cambridge history of Africa, Volume 4." Cambridge University Press. 1982.
  • Connor, Mary. "The Koreas." ABC-CLIO. 2009.
  • Daniels, Patricia, Stephen Hyslop, Douglas Brinkley. "National Geographic Almanac of World History Volume 10." National Geographic. 2006.
  • Davids, Arthur. "Grammar of the Turkish Language." Parbury and Allen. 1832.
  • Diamond, Jared. "Collapse." Penguin. 2005.
  • Faroqhi, Suraiya. "The Ottoman Empire: A short history." Markus Wiener Publishers. 2009.
  • Goodwin, Stefan. "Africa's Legacies of Urbanization: Unfolding Saga of a Continent." Lexinton Books. 2001.
  • Jacobs, Andrew. "Distinct Mix Holds On in a Corner of China." New York Times. Feb 7. 2011. (Feb. 10, 2011).http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/08/world/asia/08macao.html
  • Keller, Edmond. "Revolutionary Ethiopia: From Empire to People's Republic." Indiana University Press. 1991.
  • Landler, Mark. "Macao Journal; Packing Up, Portugal Polishes Image." New York Times. Oct. 30, 1999. (Feb 10, 2011)http://www.nytimes.com/1999/10/30/world/macao-journal-packing-up-portugal-polishes-image.html
  • Leitsinger, Miranda. "Scientists dig and fly over Angkor in search of answers to golden city's fall." Associated Press. June 13, 2004. (Feb. 10, 2011)
  • Perry, Marvin, Myrna Chase, Margaret C. Jacob, James Jacob. "Western Civilization: Ideas, Politics, and Society." Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2009.
  • Roberts, Andrew, Roland Oliver. "The Cambridge history of Africa Volume 8." Cambridge University Press. 1998.
  • Schroeder, Paul. "Is the U.S. an Empire?" History News Network. Feb. 3, 2003. (Feb. 8, 2011)http://hnn.us/articles/1237.html
  • Time Magazine. "Mozambique: Dismantling the Portuguese Empire." Time Magazine. July 7, 1975. (Feb. 10, 2011).http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,913229-1,00.html
  • Time Magazine. "War: Ethiopia's Lusitania." Time Magazine. Jan. 13, 1936. (Feb. 10, 2011)
  • Welsby, Derek. "The kingdom of Kush: The Napatan and Meroitic empires." Markus Weiner Publishers. 1996.
  • Williams, Stephen. "Diocletian and the Roman Recovery." Psychology Press. 1997.
  • Willis, Garry. "Venice: Lion City: The Religion of Empire." Simon and Schuster. 2002.

More to Explore