Perhaps future archaeological finds will illuminate the obscure source of the scrolls, or perhaps the identities of the people who inscribed them will remain forever lost to us. In the meantime, the significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls remains multifaceted. Finding the ancient scrolls on the eve of Israel's re-founding was itself considered enormously meaningful. And although the initial belief that the texts revealed important details about the Essenes has since been questioned, the contents of the scrolls still have much to tell us.
The existence of the Apocrypha, for instance, reminds us that the Bible, in addition to being a book of vast religious import, is also an historical document that evolved over time. In fact, because many of the scrolls are actually ancient biblical texts, scholars have been able to refer to them to resolve controversies over the "authoritative" version of certain biblical passages.
For Christians, the Dead Sea Scrolls reveal the degree to which the tenets that underpin their faith were not brand new revelations at the time of Christ, but were actually deeply rooted in certain Judaic practices. In other words, the ideas preserved in many of the scrolls closely parallel the ideas attributed to Jesus, demonstrating clearly that he was not only born a Jew, but lived his life and practiced as a Jew of his time. In part, we can say that because the Dead Sea Scrolls have shown us that being a Jew 2,000 years ago didn't mean any one thing. Judaism, it's now clear, was incredibly diverse, an historical fact that was largely unknown before the discovery at Qumran in 1947 [source: Shanks].
One thing is clear, the more we look at the Dead Sea Scrolls, the more they reveal. No doubt, as scholars pore over the documents, more discoveries will reveal themselves. Fortunately, this is even more likely due to a bold project spearheaded by the Israel Antiquities Authority — the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library. This project aims to digitize the entire collection of 930 manuscripts and upload them to the internet for global access. Currently the scrolls are carefully archived in climate controlled vaults in Jerusalem. Digitizing them will not only increase the availability of the texts, but also help preserve them by allowing scholars to examine the scrolls without actually handling them.
The digitization process uses extremely high-resolution imaging technology and the library intends to provide metadata that will include translations, transcriptions and bibliographies [source: Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library]. It seems highly likely that such a project will lead to a further revolution in our understanding of these endlessly fascinating documents.
Author's Note: How the Dead Sea Scrolls Work
It took two archaeological digs when I was in high school to end my longstanding ambition to become Indiana Jones. Using a miniscule trowel to painstakingly work away at packed clay and mud in a small grid bore little resemblance to the swashbuckling feats of Professor Jones. But researching the story of the Dead Sea Scrolls and their discovery reminded me that finding history can still have its thrilling moments.
More Great Links
- BBC News. "New Dead Sea Scrolls cave discovered." Feb. 9, 2017. (April 14, 2017) http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-38916687
- Elazar, Daniel. "The Jewish People as the Classic Diaspora: A Political Analysis." Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. (April 11, 2017) http://www.jcpa.org/dje/articles2/classicdias.htm
- Green, David B. "This Day in Jewish History// 70 C.E.: The Roman Siege of Jerusalem Ends." Haaretz. June 9, 2012. (April 11, 2017) http://www.haaretz.com/jewish/this-day-in-jewish-history/70-c-e-the-roman-siege-of-jerusalem-ends-1.463093
- Lawler, Andrew. "Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scroll?" Smithsonian. Jan. 2010. (April 14, 2017) http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/who-wrote-the-dead-sea-scrolls-11781900/
- Lendering, Jona. "Titus' Siege of Jerusalem." Livius.org. Jan. 7, 2017. (April 11, 2017) http://www.livius.org/articles/concept/roman-jewish-wars/roman-jewish-wars-4/?
- Pletcher, Kenneth. "Dead Sea." Encyclopedia Britannica." Feb. 16, 2017. (April 11, 2017) https://www.britannica.com/place/Dead-Sea
- Shanks, Hershel. The Dead Sea Scrolls: Discovery and Meaning. Biblical Archaeology Society. 2007. (May 15, 2017) http://www.muslim-library.com/dl/books/English_The_Dead_Sea_Scrolls_Discovery_and_Meaning.pdf
- Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library. "Scrolls Content." Israel Antiquities Authority. 2012. (May 15, 2017) http://www.deadseascrolls.org.il/learn-about-the-scrolls/scrolls-content?locale=en_US
- Yadin, Yigael. "The Message of the Scrolls." Grosset & Dunlap. New York. 1957. (April 12, 2017) https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.177971/2015.177971.The-Message-Of-Scrolls_djvu.txt