Noah's Ark -- Evidence of No Evidence?
Genesis says that God instructed Noah to build an ark 300 cubits long, 50 cubits wide and 30 cubits tall. That translates to just under an acre in square footage (4046 square meters), as described in the Epic of Gilgamesh. Noah would have constructed the ark from wood, but the specific type is debatable since different translations specify different types. Whatever the case, it would have been huge. Because of the size and the technology -- or lack thereof -- at the time, wood experts don't think the literal ark could have withstood sailing [source: Bowen].
Nevertheless, in the past 20 years many news stories have popped up regarding a discovery of the biblical boat. In 1993, CBS aired a documentary called "The Incredible Discovery of Noah's Ark" that unveiled the spectacular findings of wood from the ark. Guide George Jammal described his sighting of it to viewers and showed off a souvenir piece from it. But the alleged evidence in the documentary was a sham. Jammal's so-called ark wood was a fake, and he concocted his story.
Back at the Black Sea, in 1999, famed underwater explorer Robert Ballard, who found the sunken Titanic, set out to prove the "Noah's Flood Hypothesis." Going on the idea that the ark could be at the bottom of the Black Sea, he attempted to find it but was unsuccessful. In addition, carbon dating on artifacts pulled up from the depths showed that they were too recent to come from Noah's time.
Mount Ararat in Turkey has long been the focal point of biblical archeologists. Photos of the top of Ararat taken by the CIA and filed under "Ararat Anomaly" were classified for many years until a Freedom of Information Act released some of them in 1999. They highlight a large dark spot peculiar to the naked eye, fueling some people's beliefs that the ark rests there frozen in ice. That theory has since come up short. Experts claim that a glacier would have actually pushed the Ark out and down the mountain, rather than cause it to remain stationary.
Satellite photographs from Mount Suleiman in the Elburuz mountain range in Iran taken by the Bible Archeology Search and Exploration Institute held yet another possible location for the ark. Members thought a rock formation captured on film was actually petrified wood from the ark. However, there is no evidence of the joints or beams one would expect with a handmade boat [source: Ravilous].
One of the main reasons for the absence of ark evidence is that it simply wouldn't survive. Wood would likely last only a few centuries [source: Ravilous]. Also, it would take an impossible amount of rain to land a boat at a 13,000-foot-plus altitude (3,962 meters), further negating the possibility of finding ark remnants at the top of Ararat or any other mountain.
Although no scientifically conclusive evidence yet exists for Noah's ark, expedition teams will continue to gather funding to extend their quests. Until then, read the links on the next page for more information on Noah's Ark and other biblical mysteries.
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More Great Links
- National Geographic -- The Search for Noah's Flood
- PBS -- The Truth Behind Noah's Flood
- CIA World Factbook -- Turkey
- Associated Press. "Undersea explorer finds new evidence of great flood." CNN. Sept. 13, 2000. (April 30, 2008)
- Bowen, Jeremy. "Noah's Ark -- The True Story." Discovery Channel and BBC News. March 21, 2004.
- Carney, Scott. "Did a Comet Cause the Great Flood?" Discover Magazine. Nov. 15, 2007. (April 30, 2008)
- David, Leonard. "Satellite Closes in on Noah's Ark mystery." CNN. March 13, 2006. (April 30, 2008)
- History's Mysteries. "The Search for Noah's Ark." History Channel. 2001.
- Jaroff, Leon. "Phony Arkaeology." TIME. July 5, 1993. (April 30, 2008)
- Mayell, Hillary. "Noah's Ark Found? Turkey Expedition Planned for Summer." National Geographic News. April 27, 2004. (April 30, 2008)
- Ravilious, Kate. "Noah's Ark Discovered in Iran?" National Geographic News. July 5, 2006. (April 30, 2008)
- Saggs, H.F.W. "Babylonians." University of California Press. 2000. (May 1, 2008)
- Turney, Chris S. M. and Brown, Heidi. "Catastrophic early Holocene sea level rise, human migration and the Neolithic transition in Europe." Quaternary Science Reviews. September 2007. (April 30, 2008)
- University of Exeter. "'Noah's Flood' Kick-started European Farming?" ScienceDaily. Nov. 19, 2007. (April 30, 2008)
- Wilford, John Noble. "Plumbing the Black Sea for Proof of the Deluge." The New York Times. Jan. 5, 1999. (April 30, 2008)