After Prohibition was repealed, it was left up to the states to decide how to govern alcohol consumption. Most states made 21 the legal drinking age, although a handful required drinkers to be only 18. No national drinking age existed until 1984, when the National Minimum Drinking Age Act was passed. One major catalyst behind the creation of this law was the increase in deaths related to drunk driving.
The 1980s and '90s saw a major movement to decrease drunk driving -- Candy Lightner founded Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) after a drunk driver fatally hit her daughter in 1980. Since then, alcohol-related driving fatalities have decreased substantially. In 1982, 60 percent of automobile-related fatalities involved alcohol. By 2005, that number had dropped to 39 percent [source: Alcohol Alert].
Despite the national repeal on Prohibition, hundreds of counties in the United States enforce "dry" laws. These laws typically ban the manufacture and sale but not consumption.
- Nearly half of Mississippi's counties are dry. In fact, it's even against the law to drive through a dry county in the state with alcohol in the car, even if you're transporting it to a personal residence.
- Kentucky isn't much better for alcohol lovers. Thirty counties are wet and 55 are bone-dry. The other 35 are considered "moist" -- they have some regulations but not complete prohibition.
- Alabama, Arkansas, Texas, Kansas and Virginia also have a large proportion of dry counties.
- Hundreds of dry towns (within wet counties) also exist across the country. In fact, 129 of them are in Alaska.
Many, many other rules exist regulating the sale and consumption of alcohol on a local level. They often seem confusing and contradictory. One other once-common rule restricts the sale of alcohol on Sundays. This law was developed in Colonial times to honor the Christian Sabbath day in Colonial times.
For more information about Prohibition, take a look at the links below.
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More Great Links
- Alcohol Alert. http://www.alcoholalert.com/drunk-driving-statistics.html
- Angelfire. http://www.angelfire.com/retro2/lisa3/20snews.html
- Cardinale, Krysta. "The Alcohol Prohibition Era." Encyclomedia.com.Dec. 9, 2007. http://www.encyclomedia.com/alcohol_prohibition_era.html
- Chicago Historical Society. "History Files: Al Capone." http://www.chicagohs.org/history/capone.html
- Digital History. "Jazz Age: The American 1920s." http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=441
- Encyclomedia.com. "Alcohol Prohibition Era." http://www.encyclomedia.com/alcohol_prohibition_era.html
- EyeWitness to History. "Prohibition." www.eyewitnesstohistory.com.
- Hanson, David J. "Dry Counties." Alcohol Problems and Solutions. Dec. 9, 2007. http://www2.potsdam.edu/hansondj/Controversies/1140551076.html
- Koroknay-Palicz, Alex. "Legislative Analysis for the National Minimum Drinking Age Act." YouthTruth.com. Dec 2007. http://www.asfar.org/zine/5th/cover.html
- Library of Congress. "Prohibition in the Progressive Era." http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/features/timeline/progress/prohib/prohib.html
- National Institute on Media and the Family. http://www.mediafamily.org/facts/facts_alcohol.shtml
- PBS.org. "The American Experience." http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande4.html
- Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. "18: Prohibition." Nov. 27, 2002. http://www.post-gazette.com/nation/20021127amendment_18P9.asp
- Ralphmag.org. "The Trial of Fatty Arbuckle." http://www.ralphmag.org/fatty.html
- Rusty Cans. http://www.rustycans.com/HISTORY/prohibition.html
- Strasburger, Victor C., and Donnerstein, Edward. "Children, adolescents, and the media: Issues and solutions." Pediatrics, 103, 129-139, January 1999.
- The History Place. http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/
- Thinkquest. http://library.thinkquest.org/04oct/00492/Movies.htm
- Tyrell, Ian. "Prohibition." American History for Australasian Schools. 9 Dec 2007. http://www.anzasa.arts.usyd.edu.au/ahas/prohibition_overview.html
- U.S. History. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1085.html
- Women's Christian Temperance Union. http://www.wctu.org/index.html