Like HowStuffWorks on Facebook!

Italy Falls to the Allies: February 1943-June 1943


World War II Timeline: June 8, 1943-June 22, 1943

June 1943 saw the U.S. winning another major battle over the Japanese at Guadalcanal. This and other important World War II events are outlined on the World War II timeline below.

World War II Timeline: June 8-June 22

June 8: Japanese military leaders order their troops to evacuate the Aleutian island of Kiska.

June 11: SS chief Heinrich Himmler orders the resettlement of all remaining Jews in occupied Poland from urban ghettos to death camps.

June 11-12: The British Royal Air Force (RAF) stages a massive air raid against Düsseldorf, Germany, bombing the city from some 800 planes.

June 13: Soviet director Mikhail Slutsky and 240 camera operators shoot Day of War, a documentary record of a day on the Russian front.

Seventy-four die when the Germans drop anti-personnel bombs on Allied troops in a raid over Britain.

June 15: Nazi Germany conducts a test-flight of the first jet-powered bomber, the Arado Ar 234.

June 16: The U.S. enjoys a dramatic victory in the skies over Guadalcanal. An attacking Japanese force is mauled, losing 107 of 120 planes.

June 17: In an effort to reduce the number of collateral air-war casualties, the BBC warns civilians living near Axis factories to evacuate to safer ground.

June 18: The Allies "soften" Sicily with a pre-invasion bombing campaign.

June 20: For the first time, the Allies engage in "shuttle" bombing, hitting more than one target per bombing sortie and resting and refueling at remote bases between stops.

June 21: Heinrich Himmler orders the Jewish ghettos of occupied Russia emptied and their remaining occupants deported to the death camps.

June 22: The U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) attack the German Ruhr region in daylight for the first time, temporarily decommissioning a critical rubber factory.

World War II Headlines

Below are more images and highlights detailing important World War II events and the military campaigns of 1943.

Soviet cavalry forces prove valuable in battle: In 1946 a U.S. Intelligence Bulletin reported, "Red Army cavalry units have proven the right of the almost legendary Cossack to remain part of the armed forces of the U.S.S.R." Mounted troops such as these could move through forests, swamps, and other terrain impassable by mechanized forces. They also could avoid air attacks by operating at night. Mounted troops sometimes flanked enemy units, staging surprise counterattacks and setting up roadblocks against retreats. The cavalry filled in gaps on the battlefield and covered Soviet withdrawals. Where needed, they dismounted and operated as infantry forces.

To follow more major events of World War II, see:

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS:

John S. D. Eisenhower, Senator Daniel K. Inouye, Richard Overy Ph.D., David J. A. Stone, Wim Coleman, Martin F. Graham, James H. Hallas, Mark Johnston Ph.D., Christy Nadalin M.A., Pat Perrin, Peter Stanley Ph.D.


More to Explore