European History

No matter how knowledgeable you are about European history, there's always more to learn! Get an in-depth look at European history in these articles.

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There's a whale of a difference between the United Kingdom and Great Britain. But whatever you do, don't call someone from Scotland "English."

By Dave Roos

A mass grave from a medieval England village provides archaeological evidence that people wanted those lain to rest to stay that way.

By Jesslyn Shields

Knight, in the Middle Ages, a warrior horseman. A knight was called Sir, and was usually of a noble or a genteel family.

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The control of Jerusalem and conflicts between Islam and the Western world may read like topics from today's headlines. But they were also at the heart of the Crusades.

By Molly Edmonds

Free City , a town or city that governs itself and is independent, or largely independent, of the country in which it is located.

Goliard SongsLatin songs written from the 10th to early 13th centuries. They are among the earliest examples of Western secular music.

Middle Ages, a period of about 1,000 years in European history. It is also called the medieval period (from the Latin for “middle” and “age”).