European History

No matter how knowledgeable you are about European history, there's always more to learn! Get an in-depth look at European history in these articles.

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Hunger stones in European rivers mark periods of drought that lead to famines. They have begun to reappear in 2022, so what does that mean for the near-term health of the European economy?

By Patrick J. Kiger

As King Charles III assumes the throne, he faces numerous challenges both at home and abroad. How he handles them could very well determine the future of the monarchy itself.

By Tobias Harper

Today Paris' best-known attractions are perhaps the Eiffel Tower and Champs-Élysées. In the 19th-century, it was the morgue.

By Dave Roos

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Helmets, battles, Leif Erikson Day - our Viking quiz has it all. Grab some mead and let's get started!

By Mark Mancini

The ghost city of Pripyat in Ukraine is one of the casualties of the Atomic Age and a warning to us all about the dangers of improperly managed nuclear power.

By Patrick J. Kiger

Yeah, yeah, everyone knows that Emily just loves Paris. But what about some of the other 40-plus capital cities in Europe? Take our quiz to find out more.

By Alia Hoyt

Is it the country with the smallest land area? Or the fewest people? Either way, you get the same answer.

By Melanie Radzicki McManus

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The pronunciation of "Kyiv" goes far beyond personal preference. It actually has geopolitical significance.

By Kristen Hall-Geisler

University of Michigan historian Ronald Suny answers some questions and corrects some falsehoods about the Ukrainian and Russian history that helped lead up to the current events.

By Ronald Suny

A roughly crescent-shaped region encompassing modern-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Egypt, and parts of Turkey and Iran, the Fertile Crescent was home to the world's first settled agricultural communities.

By Dave Roos

Despite a pending scandalous court case and the loss of all his military titles and royal patronages, Prince Andrew still retains his place in line to the British throne. Here's why.

By Dave Roos

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Named the happiest country in the world for the past three years in a row, Finland is considered a Nordic country. But is it part of Scandinavia?

By Mark Mancini

Scattered around Tuscany in Italy, you'll still find beautiful little windows through which wine was passed during the plague – an early social distancing measure that's back in use today.

By Katy Spratte Joyce

This sprawling garden of a landscape cemetery sits in the middle of Paris and holds the remains of some of its most famous, and infamous, citizens.

By Nathan Chandler

The tin or lead pins medieval pilgrims wore on their hats or cloaks, some playfully risqué, were meant to protect against plague.

By Jesslyn Shields

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Lots of things contributed to Napoleon's loss at Waterloo — including bad weather, superior British defense tactics and perhaps a bad case of hemorrhoids.

By Patrick J. Kiger

This wealthy banking dynasty of Florence rubbed shoulders with Michelangelo, Botticelli and Galileo. They counted two popes and two queens in their clan. How did they get so powerful, and how did they lose it all?

By Dave Roos

The modern city of Istanbul, Turkey, has a long and tumultuous history. Once known as Constantinople, it was the capital of the Ottoman Empire, the center of cultural and religious activity and a hub for trade in Eurasia.

By Tara Yarlagadda

Göbekli Tepe is thought to be a possible archaeological bridge between nomadic hunter-gatherer societies and stable, settled agricultural communities that built temples and produced art.

By Jesslyn Shields

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Before the advent of gunpowder, enemy combatants used a powerful siege weapon called a trebuchet to forcefully launch projectiles — sometimes a large stone, a decapitated human head or a dead horse — at intended targets.

By Dave Roos

This brilliant, ruthless leader invaded England in 1066 and utterly changed the course of British history. In fact, he is the 'father' of every British monarch since.

By Dave Roos

The Druids were a class of Celtic-speaking purveyors of magical and religious practice who inhabited northwestern Europe around 2,000 years ago, but almost everything we know about them is from secondhand sources.

By Michelle Konstantinovsky

Many of the kings and queens of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty had a distinctive facial malady known as the Habsburg jaw. What caused it?

By Maria C. Hunt

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"I came, I saw, I conquered" encapsulates Julius Caesar's entire approach to ruling.

By Jesslyn Shields

In 1919, 30 nations met to formulate the Treaty of Versailles, the treaty to end World War 1. The Allied nations wanted Germany to pay huge fines and take responsibility for starting the war. But were the terms too harsh?

By Dave Roos