It was a time of Kings, monumental battles, plagues and religious influence. Trace the history of this tumultuous time in these articles.


Free City

Free City , a town or city that governs itself and is independent, or largely independent, of the country in which it is located.

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  • 10 Medieval Torture Devices
    10 Medieval Torture Devices

    Torture was a very popular form of punishment in the Middle Ages, but it also served as a social deterrent and as entertainment for the masses. These 10 devices show just how creative torturers became with their tools as a result. See more »

  • Did medieval people really drink beer instead of water?
    Did medieval people really drink beer instead of water?

    Imagine a mother telling her thirsty child not to sip water, but to swig some much safer beer instead. Could this scenario have really happened in medieval times? See more »

  • How the Crusades Worked
    How the Crusades Worked

    The control of Jerusalem and conflicts between Islam and the Western world may read like topics from today's headlines. But they were also at the heart of the Crusades. See more »

  • Crusades

    Crusades, a series of military campaigns that the Christian countries of Europe waged to conquer the Holy Land from the Muslims. See more »

  • Guild

    Guild, in medieval Europe, an economic and social association of men in the same business or craft. See more »

  • Knight

    Knight, in the Middle Ages, a warrior horseman. A knight was called Sir, and was usually of a noble or a genteel family. See more »

  • Middle Ages
    Middle Ages

    Middle Ages, a period of about 1,000 years in European history. It is also called the medieval period (from the Latin for “middle” and “age”). See more »

  • Miracle Play
    Miracle Play

    Miracle Play, or Mystery Play, in medieval Europe, a dramatization of a story from the Bible or the life of a saint. See more »

  • Charlemagne

    Charlemagne, or Charles the Great (742 - 814), a king of the Franks and the founder of an empire that included much of western Europe. See more »

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