Cree Indians, a tribe of the Algonquian language group. The Creewere originally a hunting people and roamed from upper Quebec to central Manitoba. They were friendly to European traders and served as guides and hunters for the French fur traders and later for the Hudson's Bay Company, ranging as far as the Mackenzie River. An alliance with the Assiniboin to the south brought some of them into the United States. In 1916 the United States government established Rocky Boy's Reservation in Montana for these Cree and a band of Chippewa, to whom the Cree are closely related.

At least 76,000 Cree live in Canada, on reserves in Manitoba and Saskatchewan and in the vicinity of the Slave River in the Northwest Territories. About 2,000 Plains Cree live on a reservation in Montana.