Farouk, or Faruk, (1920–1965), king of Egypt, 1936–52. Corrupt and showing little concern for the welfare of his people, Farouk was overthrown by a group of army officers led by Mohammed Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser. His son Ahmed Fuad was named king, but in 1953 Egypt was proclaimed a republic. Farouk was born in Cairo, the son of King Fuad I. He was twice married and twice divorced. After his abdication he lived in Europe, becoming a citizen of Monaco in 1959.
Fossil evidence indicates that the earliest forms of humans and humanlike creatures originated in Africa.
Nelson Mandela was arrested on August 5, 1962. This arrest set in motion a chain of events that made Nelson Mandela a household name around the world.