BrauchitschHeinrich Alfred Hermann Walther von (1881–1948), a German army officer. He entered the army as a lieutenant in 1900 and served on the general staff in World War I. In 1938 Hitler placed him in overall command of the German army. Brauchitsch directed the successful campaigns in Poland, the Low Countries, and France at the start of World War II. In December, 1941, after failure of the Russian campaign, he was removed from command. He died while awaiting trial as a war criminal.