Deerfield Massacre, February 29, 1704, a bloody raid against British colonists in Massachusetts by the French and their Indian allies during Queen Anne's War. A force of some 50 French soldiers and 200 Abnaki and Caughnawaga Indians from Canada, under the command of Major Hertel de Rouville, attacked the stockaded village of Deerfield on the northern frontier of Massachusetts. Of the town's approximately 300 inhabitants, about 50 were killed and 111 taken captive; the remainder escaped. Most of the town was burned by the attackers. After the massacre, British troops were stationed in Deerfield and the village was rebuilt.

Negotiations between British and French authorities that lasted several years led to the return of 60 of the captives (17 had died while being marched from Deerfield to Canada); the rest remained in Canada. Among the returned captives was the Reverend John Williams, whose The Redeemed Captive Returned to Zion (1707) is one of the most vivid accounts of Indian captivity.