Thutmose, or Thothmes, the name of four pharaohs (rulers) of Dynasty XVIII of ancient Egypt. Their rule, in the period known as the New Kingdom, brought Egypt to the height of its imperial power.

Thutmose I,

successor to Amenhotep I, reigned 1525–1512 B.C. He extended the boundaries of the kingdom south to the third cataract of the Nile River in Nubia and northeast to the Euphrates River in Syria.

Thutmose II,

son and successor of Thutmose I, reigned 1512–1504 B.C. He was a weak ruler, whose short reign was marked by the rise to power of his half-sister and wife, Hatshepsut.

Thutmose III,

son of Thutmose II, reigned 1504–1450 B.C. One of Egypt's greatest pharaohs, he was a skilled warrior, statesman, and administrator. During the early years of Thutmose's reign, his stepmother, Queen Hatshepsut, ruled the empire for him and shared with him the title of pharaoh. Upon her death in 1482, Thutmose became the sole ruler. He then led his armies into Asia in a series of campaigns that resulted in the conquest of Palestine, Syria, Phoenicia, and Mitanni. From them, he exacted vast amounts of wealth and slaves. Tribute (payment) was also given by the Hittites, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Minoans, who feared the power of Egypt.

Thutmose was responsible for the construction of many magnificent temples, monuments, and obelisks, as Hatshepsut had been before him. He was succeeded by his son Amenhotep II.

Thutmose IV,

son of Amenhotep II, reigned 1425–1417 B.C. He put down minor revolts in Syria and Nubia and made alliances with independent kingdoms of Asia. One of his wives was a Mitanni princess, who became the mother of his son and successor, Amenhotep III.