Aegina, an island off the coast of Greece in the Saronic Gulf about 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Athens. It is triangular in shape and covers about 32 square miles (83 km 2 ). Aegina has ruins of several temples from the early fifth century B.C. The sculptures from one of them, known as the Aeginetan marbles, are in Munich. Aegina is visited by many tourists.
Aegina, already settled in the Minoan and Mycenaean eras, was conquered by the Dorians in the 11th century B.C. It was an important commercial center by the sixth century B.C., and had the first official coinage on the west side of the Aegean Sea. As Athens rose to prominence, it became a commercial rival of Aegina, and in 457 B.C. Athens conquered the island. In 431, at the start of the Peloponnesian War, the Aeginetans were expelled from the island by the Athenians. In 1828–29, during the last part of the Greek war for independence from Turkish rule, the town of Aegina served as capital of the revolutionary government.