Greece Under the Roman Empire

Corinth was destroyed in the final campaign of Roman conquest in 146 B.C., and Thebes' lands were confiscated. Athens and Sparta, however, were left independent. To Romans, Athens was still the center of learning and culture. In intellectual and artistic matters, Greek leadership was acknowledged and sought by the Romans. Greek slaves were used as teachers, and Greek philosophy was embraced by the Roman aristocracy.

In the first century B.C. the Parthian king Mithridates VI seized most of Asia Minor from Rome and encouraged Greece to rise in revolt. The Roman general Sulla captured Athens in 86 B.C. and pacified the rest of the country. Rome, then in its period of empire building, continued eastward and soon was in control of the entire Hellenistic world.

Greece was at peace for the first time in its history. The country, devastated and poverty-stricken, was slowly built up by the Romans. The Greek cities of Asia Minor recovered prosperity much more quickly. In 286 A.D. Emperor Diocletian divided the Roman Empire into two parts for administrative purposes. Greece lay in the eastern part, later known as the Byzantine Empire.

For later history,