Appian Way , or Via Appia , the first and most famous Roman road. It was named for the magistrate Appius Claudius, who began construction in 312 B.C. The first section of 132 miles (212 km) began at Rome and ended at Capua (near modern Naples). Within 70 years the road was extended to a total of approximately 360 miles (580 km), ending at Brundisium (modern Brindisi). Branches of the road reached other seaports in southern Italy. The road was built for military purposes.The Appian Way is an ancient Roman highway that was named for Appius Claudius Caecus, who began its construction in 312 B.C. The highway, which runs from Rome to Brundisium, is lined with the ruins of the tombs of prominent Romans. It is still in use.
The pavement, consisting of large stone blocks expertly fitted together and cemented, was about 15 feet (4.6 m) wide. Most of the road remained passable until the middle of the sixth century A.D.; long stretches are still in perfect condition, and three bridges are still in use today. The section south of Rome is bordered by the ruins of ancient tombs and other buildings.