BATTLES & WARS

Long ago, battles raged across Europe and Asia as the powerful Roman Empire struggled to control vast lands and diverse peoples. These articles explain important battles and the role they played in Ancient Roman politics and culture.
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Caledonia

Caledonia, the ancient Roman name for Scotland. The Caledonians (later called Picts), who lived in the Scottish Highlands, were a barbarian people who fiercely resisted Roman invasion.

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  • Visigoths

    Visigoths

    Visigoths, or West Goths, a Germanic group that invaded the Roman Empire in the fourth century A.D.. See more »

  • Goths

    Goths

    Goths, a Germanic people who invaded the Roman Empire. During the second and third centuries A.D. See more »

  • Battle of Actium

    Battle of Actium

    Actium, Battle of, a naval engagement fought in 31 B.C. near the promontory of Actium, on the west coast of Greece. See more »

  • Battle of Adrianople

    Battle of Adrianople

    Adrianople, Battle of, August 9, 378 A.D., a crushing defeat of the Roman imperial army under Emperor Valens by hordes of Visigoths led by Fritigern, aided by Ostrogoths and members of other barbarian tribes. See more »

  • Battle of Cannae

    Battle of Cannae

    Cannae, Battle ofa battle fought in 216 B.C. in which Hannibal of Carthage decisively defeated the Romans. See more »

  • Battle of Magnesia

    Battle of Magnesia

    Magnesia, Battle of 190 or 189 B.C., a battle fought in Asia Minor near what is now Manisa, Turkey. See more »

  • Caledonia

    Caledonia

    Caledonia, the ancient Roman name for Scotland. The Caledonians (later called Picts), who lived in the Scottish Highlands, were a barbarian people who fiercely resisted Roman invasion. See more »

  • Carthage

    Carthage

    Carthage an ancient city and the capital of a once powerful state. It was on the coast of north Africa near the modern city of Tunis. See more »

  • Cimbri

    Cimbri

    Cimbri, a barbarian tribe, either Celtic or Germanic, that attacked the Roman Empire in the second century B.C. See more »

  • Numidia

    Numidia

    Numidia, the name in ancient times for a region of North Africa. The heart of Numidia lay in what is now eastern Algeria. See more »

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