Sabines, an ancient people of Italy. They were related to the Latins, with whom some of them joined in the early settling of Rome. According to legend, when the men who had founded Rome needed wives, they kidnapped Sabine women. In literature this event is called the rape of the Sabine women. The main body of Sabines lived north of the Romans, east of the Tiber River. Their principal city was Reate (modern Rieti). In 290 B.C. Rome annexed the Sabine territory, and in 268 B.C. it granted the Sabines tull Roman citizenship.
Rome and the Roman Empire, the most powerful state of the ancient world. It grew from an Italian village to a city-state and into an organization that ruled the shores of the Mediterranean and much of western Europe.
Caesar, a title that came from the name of a Roman family. The first important member of the family was the soldier and statesman Gaius Julius Caesar.