Teutons, or Teutones, a barbarian people who invaded Roman lands in the second century B.C. They may have been either Germanic or Celtic; all that is known definitely is that they were allies of the Cimbri, who were also either a Germanic or Celtic people. The Teutons entered Gaul sometime after 113 B.C. and were decisively defeated by the Romans in 102 B.C. at Aquae Sextiae (present Aix, France). In modern times the word Teutoniccame to refer to the German people and to anything Germanic—for example, the Germanic sub-family of the Indo-European language family.
Rome and the Roman Empire, the most powerful state of the ancient world. It grew from an Italian village to a city-state and into an organization that ruled the shores of the Mediterranean and much of western Europe.
Caesar, a title that came from the name of a Roman family. The first important member of the family was the soldier and statesman Gaius Julius Caesar.