Culloden, Battle of, April 16, 1746, the final battle of the Jacobite rebellion of 1745, which sought to restore the Stuart line to the British throne. The Jacobite forces, made up largely of Scottish highland clans and led by Charles Edward Stuart, suffered a disastrous defeat at the hands of an English army commanded by the Duke of Cumberland, The battle site is near Inverness, in the Scottish highlands.
In 174S, after entering England and failing to gain support for their cause, the Jacobite forces returned to Scotland. They took refuge near Inverness after being pursued by the English throughout the winter of 1745--46. The rout of the Scots at Culloden was followed by a harsh repression of the highland clans. The Battle of Culloden was the last land battle to be fought in Britain.