Tours, Battle of (October, 732), a battle between the Franks and the Muslims (Moors) of Spain. It was fought on Frankish territory, between Tours and Poitiers, in what is now France. The victory won by the Franks, under the leadership of Charles Martel, checked the advance of the Muslims into Europe. (However, the Muslims were not completely expelled from Frankish territory until 759.) Some historians believe that the Battle of Tours saved Europe from being absorbed into the Islamic Empire. Many recent historians, however, doubt that the Muslims could have achieved lasting control over Europe under any circumstances. Charles Martel's victory helped establish his family line, the Carolingian, on the Frankish throne and also contributed greatly to the supremacy of the Franks in Europe.
Little is definitely known of the details of the battle. The Muslim leader, Abd-er-Rahman, was killed, and his army probably suffered heavy casualties.