Lützen, Battles of, two battles, one during the Thirty Years' War and the other during the Napoleonic Wars. Lützen is a German town, near Leipzig.
The first battle of Lützen was fought on November 16, 1632, between the Protestant forces of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and the army of the Holy Roman Empire, led by Count von Wallenstein. The Swedes won. but Gustavus Adolphus was killed.
The second battle, on May 2, 1813, was fought between the French led by Napoleon and the Prussian and Russian army led by Marshal Wittgenstein. Napoleon won the field, but his troops were too tired to continue the attack, allowing Wittgenstein to make an orderly retreat.