The Illyrians, an Indo-European people, settled the Adriatic shore (the Dalmatian coast) about the 12th century B.C. One of the Illyrian tribes was the Albani, from whom Albania takes its name. There were Greek colonies in the southern part of the country. In the fourth century B.C. the region was conquered by the Macedonians, and during the second and first centuries it was annexed by Rome. When in 395 A.D. the Roman Empire was divided, the new boundary placed some of the Illyrians in the western (Roman) division and the rest in the eastern (Byzantine) division.
Torture was a very popular form of punishment in the Middle Ages, but it also served as a social deterrent and as entertainment for the masses. These 10 devices show just how creative torturers became with their tools as a result.
Renaissance, in a broad sense, the culturally fruitful period of transition from the medieval era into the beginning of modern civilization in Europe.