Curzon, of Kedleston, George Nathaniel Curzon, First Marquess (1859–1925), a British statesman. Curzon was the eldest son of a British baron and was educated at Oxford. He was a Conservative member of the House of Commons, 1886–98. Upon his appointment as viceroy of India in 1898, Curzon was made an Irish peer. In India, Lord Curzon made notable reforms in education and government administration, but aroused the opposition of Indian nationalists by the partition of Bengal. He resigned in 1905 when the home government failed to support his demand for civilian control of the army.
Curzon became chancellor of Oxford University, and took a seat in the House of Lords. During World War I he was leader of the Lords and, as a member of Lloyd George's coalition cabinet, helped direct Britain's war effort. Curzon was foreign secretary from 1919 to his resignation in 1924. He proposed the Curzon Line in a Polish-Russian border dispute; presided over the Lausanne Conference to conclude peace between Greece and Turkey (1923); and strongly opposed French occupation of the Ruhr to extract war damages from Germany.
Curzon was made a marquess in 1921. His books on eastern affairs include Lord Curzon in India (1906) and British Government in India (1926)..