Lucullus, Lucius Licinius (110?–56? B.C.), a Roman consul and military commander, remembered especially for his luxurious style of living. Lucullus fought under Sulla in the Social War, 90–88 B.C., and in the First Mithridatic War, 88–85. He became praetor in 77 and consul in 74.

Lucullus was the Roman commander during most of the Third Mithridatic War (74–63). He drove Mithridates VI from Bithynia and Pontus (in present-day northern Turkey), but was prevented by a soldiers' mutiny from pursuing Mithridates further. Lucullus was unpopular in Rome because of his efforts to end corruption in the East. In 66 the Senate sent Pompey to replace him. After returning to Rome, Lucullus spent his wealth on magnificent feasts and splendid gardens, and he was a generous patron of the arts. He is the subject of one of Plutarch's Lives.