Friedland, Battle of, June 14, 1807, a crucial engagement of the Napoleonic Wars. It was fought near the city of Friedland (now Pravdinsk) in the province of Königsberg, East Prussia. Here the French armies of Napoleon I defeated Russian troops under Count Bennigsen. The defeat resulted in Russia's signing the humiliating treaty of Tilsit, by which France gained East Prussia.
The history of Europe is the story of many different peoples and cultures. Some peoples lagged behind, while others surged far ahead in the development of social, intellectual, and political institutions and ideas.
The control of Jerusalem and conflicts between Islam and the Western world may read like topics from today's headlines. But they were also at the heart of the Crusades.