Frisians, or Friesians, a Teutonic tribe that settled in what is now the Netherlands during the first century A.D. The tribe was first mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus. In the seventh century the Frisians clashed with the Franks, another Teutonic tribe, and resisted Christianity. They accepted Frankish rule in the eighth century and became Christians. The inhabitants of Friesland, a province of the Netherlands, are still called Frisians. The Frisian language is still spoken in this region. The Frisian Islands are named for the old tribe.
Torture was a very popular form of punishment in the Middle Ages, but it also served as a social deterrent and as entertainment for the masses. These 10 devices show just how creative torturers became with their tools as a result.
Renaissance, in a broad sense, the culturally fruitful period of transition from the medieval era into the beginning of modern civilization in Europe.