Tlingit Indians, a group of tribes who belong to the Tlingit language family, also called the Koluschan family. They are related to the Athapascan and Haida Indians. The Tlingit live on the coast and islands of Alaska from Yakutat Bay southward. In earlier times their food was largely shellfish, seals, otters, and porpoises. They built houses and canoes, wove blankets, erected totem poles, carved in wood and stone, and made decorated baskets. Like various other Indians of the northwest coast, they held potlatches , ceremonies at which individuals gained social status by destroying or giving away valuable goods. Their wars were mostly raids to capture slaves.

Sitka, Alaska, was named for the Sitka tribe, which destroyed a Russian fort at the site in 1802. Many Tlingit Indians work as fishermen.