Abd-el-Krim,(1880?-1963), a Moorish chieftain, leader of the Riff tribes in Morocco. His revolt against Spanish rule in Morocco was successful during 1921-24. Then his forces attacked the French Zone, but were defeated in 1926 by combined Spanish and French armies. Although exiled for more than 20 years on the island of Réunion, Abd-el-Krim remained a national hero. In 1947 he fled to Egypt, becoming a leader of the North African nationalist movement. His exploits in Morocco inspired Sigmund Romberg's operetta The Desert Song (1926).
Fossil evidence indicates that the earliest forms of humans and humanlike creatures originated in Africa.
Nelson Mandela was arrested on August 5, 1962. This arrest set in motion a chain of events that made Nelson Mandela a household name around the world.