Garner, John Nance (1868–1967), a United States lawyer and statesman. A Democrat, Garner was Vice President under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933–41. His friends and supporters called him “Cactus Jack.”
Garner was born in a log cabin on a farm in Red River County, Texas. After reading law and attending Vanderbilt University for one year, he was admitted to the bar in 1890 and began practice in Uvalde, Texas. He became a county judge and served two terms in the Texas legislature. In 1902 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Garner served 15 terms in the House, becoming Democratic minority leader in 1921 and Speaker of the House in 1931.
In 1932 Garner was a candidate for the Democratic Presidential nomination, but he swung his support to Roosevelt at the convention and received the Vice Presidential nomination. Roosevelt and Garner were elected easily and were reelected in 1936 by an even bigger margin. Later Garner was critical of many New Deal measures and of Roosevelt's attempt to reorganize the Supreme Court. He unsuccessfully opposed a third term for Roosevelt, offering himself as a candidate. Garner retired from public life in 1941 and returned to his home in Uvalde.