Platt Amendment, an enactment of the U.S. Congress in 1901 defining relations with Cuba, then under United States occupation following the Spanish-American War. The amendment limited Cuba's independence and gave the United States the right to intervene to ensure stable government. Under pressure by the United States, the Cubans incorporated the amendment's provisions in their constitution of 1901. Cubans resented the amendment, and it was withdrawn in 1934. The amendment, attached to an army appropriations bill, was introduced by Senator Orville H. Platt (1827–1905) of Connecticut.
Maryland was inhabited by Indians centuries before European settlement. The major tribes were the Piscataway in the west and the Nanticoke in the east, both of the Algonquian language family.
The turn of the century brought a new wave of optimism and amazing new technologies. It was also a time of unprecedented expansion in the railroad industry -- until World War I arrived.