Ancient mysteries lurk beneath the pyramids of Egypt. Learn about some of the terms associated with Egyptian history with these articles about ancient mysteries.


Pharaoh, the title by which the kings of ancient Egypt were known. The term was derived from Egyptian for “great house.” According to mythology, the pharaohs were descended from gods; then they came to be regarded as gods themselves, and great temples were built for their worship.

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  • Egypt, Ancient

    Egypt, Ancient

    Egypt, Ancient. More than 3,000 years before the Christian Era, a highly developed civilization existed in Egypt. See more »

  • Valley of the Kings

    Valley of the Kings

    Valley of the Kings, a low-lying area on the west bank of the Nile River, in Egypt. See more »

  • Alexandrian School

    Alexandrian School

    Alexandrian School, a name given to various groups of persons engaged in artistic and intellectual activities in Alexandria, Egypt, during the Hellenistic and Roman eras. See more »

  • Book of the Dead

    Book of the Dead

    Book of the Dead, an ancient Egyptian religious work. It was a collection of magic spells, prayers, and hymns intended for use by the soul in its journey beyond the grave into the underworld. See more »

  • Pyramids


    Pyramids, massive structures with four triangular sides that meet at the top in a point. See more »

  • Thutmose


    Thutmose, or Thothmes, the name of four pharaohs (rulers) of Dynasty XVIII of ancient Egypt. See more »

  • Akhnaton


    Akhnaton, or Ikhnaton, a pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt, reigning from about 1379 to 1362 B.C. See more »

  • Ammon


    Ammon, the Greek and Roman name for the ancient Egyptian god Amen, ä'měn. The name is also written Amon and Amun. See more »

  • Cleopatra


    Cleopatra (in full: Cleopatra VII Phil-opator), a queen of Egypt of the Ptolemaic dynasty. See more »

  • Cleopatra's Needles

    Cleopatra's Needles

    Cleopatra's Needles , two ancient Egyptian obelisks—tall, slender monuments—of rose-red granite. See more »

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