Philip, Prince, Duke of Edinburgh (1921-), consort of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. He married Elizabeth, a distant cousin, in 1947. Prince Philip, a descendant of Queen Victoria, was born on the island of Corfu, Greece. His father was Prince Andrew of Greece. Greece became a republic in 1924 and Philip grew up in England at the home of his uncle, who later became Earl Mountbatten of Burma. Philip entered the Royal Naval College at Dartmouth in 1939. He saw World War II service in the Mediterranean and Pacific, rising to the rank of senior lieutenant.
Before his marriage to Elizabeth, Philip renounced his Greek title, became a British subject, and was created a duke. He visited many Commonwealth and foreign countries, sometimes alone and sometimes with Elizabeth. Philip became known for his interest in British science, technology, industry, and conservation. He was made a prince in 1957. He wrote Wildlife Crisis, with James Fisher, in 1970. Men, Machines, and Sacred Cows (1984) is a collection of his speeches and essays.