Schlesinger, the name of two United States historians, father and son.

Arthur M. (Meier) Schlesinger, Sr

(1888-1965), the father, was a leading authority on the colonial history of the United States and on American social history. His major writings on these subjects include The Colonial Merchants and the American Revolution (1918), New Viewpoints in American History (1922), and The Rise of the City (1933).

Schlesinger was born in Xenia, Ohio. He graduated from Ohio State University in 1910 and received a Ph.D. from Columbia in 1917. He taught at Ohio State, 1912-19; the State University of Iowa, 1919-24; and Harvard, 1924-54.

His other works include: A History of American Life (12 volumes, 1929-44), edited with Dixon Ryan Fox; and the autobiographical In Retrospect: the History of an Historian (1963).

Arthur M. (Meier) Schlesinger, Jr.

(1917-), the son, became influential both as a historian and as a political adviser. He was twice awarded the Pulitzer Prize—for history in 1946, for The Age of Jackson; and for biography in 1966, for A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House. Active in liberal politics, he helped to found the Americans for Democratic Action (1947). He served as adviser to prominent Democrats and was an assistant to President Kennedy, 1961-63.

Schlesinger was born in Columbus, Ohio. He graduated from Harvard in 1938 and taught there, 1946-61. In 1966 he joined the faculty of the City University of New York.

His other books include: The Age of Roosevelt (3 volumes, 1957-60); The Bitter Heritage (1967); The Imperial Presidency (1973); Robert Kennedy and His Times (1978); The Cycles of American History (1986); A Life in the Twentieth Century: Innocent Beginnings, 1917-1950 (2000).