Montgomery, Richard (1736?–1775), an American Revolutionary War army officer. Montgomery was born in Ireland and attended Trinity College, Dublin. He entered the British army in 1756 and served in the French and Indian War. In 1772 he settled in New York State and bought a farm. Montgomery was made a brigadier general of the Continental Army in 1775. He captured Montreal and then joined his forces with those of Benedict Arnold for the unsuccessful attack on the city of Quebec. He was killed in the battle.
In the dark of night on Dec. 16, 1773, residents of Boston poured more than 90,000 pounds of tea into the harbor. But they weren't trying to set a world record for the most cups of tea made at one time. They were protesting the British government.
President Jefferson sent a couple of his representatives over to France to buy the city of New Orleans. What he got was the Louisiana Purchase, a patch of land that nearly doubled the size of the young nation.