Stockton, Richard (1730–1781), a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Stockton was a member of the New Jersey Executive Council, 1768–76, and was considered a moderate in his opposition to Britain's colonial policy. In 1776 he was elected to the Continental Congress. His health was permanently impaired as a result of imprisonment by the British in 1777, and his fortune was wiped out by the war.

Stockton was born in Princeton, New Jersey. After graduating from the College of New Jersey (Princeton) in 1748, he established a successful law practice.