Sherman, Roger (1721–1793), a United States patriot and statesman. He was the only person to sign all four of the documents that were most significant in the formation of the United States: the Association (a compact to boycott British goods, adopted 1774), the Declaration of Independence (1776), the Articles of Confederation (1781), and the Constitution of the United States (1787).

Sherman was born in Newton, Massachusetts, and became a shoemaker in early life. In 1743 he moved to Connecticut, where he practiced law and became prominent in business and politics. He was one of the first to deny that the British Parliament had a right to make laws for the colonies. Sherman was an influential member of the Continental Congress (1774–81), serving on the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence and helping to draw up the Articles of Confederation.

At the Constitutional Convention (1787) Sherman helped sponsor the Connecticut Compromise, settling the dispute between the large and small states over how much representation each state should have in Congress. Sherman served in the first U.S. House of Representatives (1789–91) and in the U.S. Senate (1791–93).