Algeciras Conference a meeting of European powers held in Algeciras, Spain, in 1906 to settle a Franco-German dispute over Morocco. Germany had been ignored in the Anglo-French Entente of 1904, an agreement giving special trade rights to the French in Morocco and the British in Egypt. Protesting that German interests were violated and hoping also to weaken French power, Germany demanded an international conference on the situation in Morocco.

The resulting Act of Algeciras opened the Moroccan trade to all nations. Although professing to reaffirm Moroccan independence, it also authorized French and Spanish control of the Moroccan police force. The conference, far from weakening the Anglo-French Entente as Germany had hoped, drove France and Britain closer together. Franco-German differences over Morocco remained, increasing world tensions and causing another crisis in 1911, when the Germans threatened the Moroccan port of Agadir. Germany then agreed to recognize French control of Morocco in exchange for sovereignty over part of the French Congo.