London, Pact of, an agreement entered into on September 5, 1914, shortly after the outbreak of World War I. The governments of France, Great Britain, and Russia pledged that none of them would separately make peace. They also agreed that all should demand the same peace terms. Japan signed the agreement in October, 1915, and Italy signed it a month later.
World War I, also known as the Great War, left Germany and other countries humiliated and angry. Germany viewed the armistice that ended World War I as a truce, rather than a surrender. This view was ignored. Learn about events that led to World War II.
Lawrence, T. E. (Thomas Edward) (1888-1935), a British soldier and writer known as "Lawrence of Arabia." The Seven Pillars of Wisdom is his account of his adventures and ideas as leader of the Arabs in their successful revolt against Turkey in World War I.