London, Pact of, an agreement entered into on September 5, 1914, shortly after the outbreak of World War I. The governments of France, Great Britain, and Russia pledged that none of them would separately make peace. They also agreed that all should demand the same peace terms. Japan signed the agreement in October, 1915, and Italy signed it a month later.
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Lawrence, T. E. (Thomas Edward) (1888-1935), a British soldier and writer known as "Lawrence of Arabia." The Seven Pillars of Wisdom is his account of his adventures and ideas as leader of the Arabs in their successful revolt against Turkey in World War I.
World War I was the great armed conflict of 191418. Until World War II, it was often called the Great War because it was the most destructive and widespread war the world had ever seen.