Poincaré, Raymond (1860–1934), a French statesman. He was president of France, 1913–20, during the World War I period. A strong nationalist, he worked with a political enemy, Premier Georges Clemenceau, to bolster France's fighting spirit. Poincaré also was premier three times, in 1912, during 1922–24, and during 1926–29.
Poincaré was educated at the University of Paris and became a lawyer. He entered the Chamber of Deputies as a conservative in 1887 and was elected to the Senate in 1903. He became a member of the French Academy in 1910. While premier in 1923 he sent French troops to occupy the Ruhr when Germany fell behind in payment of war reparations. During his last period as premier he stabilized the franc by drastic deflationary measures.