Neuilly, Treaty of, November 27, 1919, the peace treaty signed by defeated Bulgaria and the World War I victors. It was signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, a suburb of Paris. Bulgaria ceded its Thracian outlet to the Aegean Sea to Greece, and some territory in Macedonia to Yugoslavia; it also agreed to pay reparations, limit the size of its army, and surrender most of its war matériel.
Gallipoli Campaign, an Allied attempt in 1915, during World War I, to seize the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey and thus gain control of the Dardanelles strait, opening a supply route from the west to Russia through the Black Sea.
World War I, also known as the Great War, left Germany and other countries humiliated and angry. Germany viewed the armistice that ended World War I as a truce, rather than a surrender. This view was ignored. Learn about events that led to World War II.