Wingate, Orde Charles (1903–1944), a British army officer. His daring “Wingate's Raiders” harassed the Japanese far behind their lines in Burma during World War II. Wingate was born in the Himalayas. He learned guerrilla tactics while serving as a British intelligence officer in Palestine (1936–39). During the World War II, Wingate's troops routed an Italian army near Addis Ababa and helped free Ethiopia from Italy. He had just begun an attack on the Japanese in Burma when he died in an airplane accident there.
Goebbels, Joseph Paul (1897-1945), a German Nazi propagandist. As minister of propaganda in Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, 1933-45, he not only used the press, radio, and other forms of communication to serve the Nazi regime, but also molded German cultural life to that end.