First Continental Congress

Many colonists viewed the action against Massachusetts as a threat to all the colonies, and in each the sentiment grew to retaliate against the British with economic sanctions. Several colonies suggested an intercolonial congress to chart a common policy toward Great Britain. The official call for such a meeting came from the Massachusetts assembly. The first Continental Congress, as it became known, met in Philadelphia on September 5, 1774. There were delegates from all colonies except Georgia.

On September 9, Suffolk County, which includes Boston, adopted resolves" (resolutions) that declared the Intolerable Acts un-constitutional, recommended stopping all trade with Britain, and called for armed resistance. At the Continental Congress, the majority of the delegates voted to endorse the resolves. The delegates then signed the Association, a compact in which the colonies pledged not to import British goods after December 1. To ensure enforcement, the Association provided for the establishment of county and town committees.