Hood, John Bell (1831–1879), a United States and Confederate army officer. In July, 1864, he was given command of the Army of Tennessee, with orders to halt Union troops under General Sherman moving south from Tennessee into Georgia. Hood attacked several times, but was unable to stop Sherman's forces from taking Atlanta and advancing across Georgia to Savannah. Hood was replaced at his own request in January, 1865, after losses at Franklin and Nashville.
Hood was born in Owingsville, Kentucky. He graduated from West Point in 1853 and served in the U.S. Army as a cavalry officer. Hood resigned in 1861 to accept a commission in the Confederate army and rose quickly in rank. He led troops at Gaines's Mill, Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Gettysburg. After the Battle of Chickamauga (1863), in which he lost a leg, he was made a lieutenant general. After the war, he became a merchant in New Orleans. Advance and Retreat (1880) is his autobiography.