Buckner, Simon Bolivar, the name of two army officers who were father and son.
(1823–1914) was born in Hart County, Kentucky. He graduated from West Point in 1844 and taught there during 1845–46 and 1848–50. He served with distinction in the Mexican War, but in 1855 resigned from the army. When the Civil War broke out, Buckner became a brigadier general in the Confederate Army. He was forced to surrender to Brigadier General U. S. Grant, his former classmate at West Point, when Union forces took Fort Donelson early in 1862. It was to Buckner that Grant sent the famous message, “No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted. I propose to move immediately upon your works.”
In late 1862 Buckner returned to the Confederacy in an exchange of prisoners. Throughout the remainder of the war he served in various commands, eventually attaining the rank of lieutenant general.
Buckner was governor of Kentucky, 1887–91. He was the National (Gold) Democratic Vice Presidential running mate of John M. Palmer in 1896.
(1886–1945) was born in Munfordville, Kentucky. He graduated from West Point in 1908 and served as its commandant, 1933–36. Shortly before the United States entered World War II, he was assigned to Alaska to organize the defense of that area. In 1941 he was promoted to major general for his work in establishing the Alaskan Defense Command, and in 1943, to lieutenant general for his role in successful operations against the Japanese in Alaska. In 1945 Buckner commanded the U.S. 10th Army in the last major battle of the war in the Pacific, the invasion of Okinawa. He was killed in action.